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Tips for Diabetes Management

Tips for Diabetes Management

Diabetes can be a confusing and overwhelming new challenge with a complicated new set of rules. Take heart; we’re here to help. For starters, here’s a quick guide to help you remember the main points.

Monitor Your Blood Glucose

  1. Test your blood glucose twice a day
    Once in the morning before breakfast, then again two hours after a meal (alternate so you test after a different meal each day).
  2. Record your levels
    Record all your blood glucose levels in a log book like a journal or smartphone app.
  3. Write down everything you eat for three days
    This will help you track which foods spike your blood sugar.

Also, remember to keep your test meter clean and out of extreme temperatures.

Aim for These Numbers

Fasting (e.g. before breakfast) 100-110
Two hours after meals 140 or less
A1C Less than 6.5%

Watch for These Symptoms

The following symptoms may indicate hypoglycemia or low blood glucose:

  • Shakiness/trembling
  • Nervousness/anxiousness
  • Cold
  • Sweating
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Irritability

If You Have These Symptoms

If you have any of these symptoms and your blood glucose is less than 70, consume 15g of carbohydrates immediately.

This can be any one of the following:

  • ½ cup orange juice
  • ½ cup regular soda
  • 1 cup skim milk

Next, wait 15 to 20 minutes, and re-check blood glucose. If it’s not close to mealtime, have a snack.